When and why it is necessary to remove wisdom teeth

Когда и зачем надо удалять зубы мудрости

Saving eight, you risk to damage other teeth and experience plenty of painful moments.

What are wisdom teeth and whether they

Everyone knows that a healthy adult 32 teeth. But not all know that this is somewhat an outdated idea.

In fact, the modern norm is 28 teeth.

However, there may be up to 32, if you cut through vestigial teeth.

A brief dental history of mankind draws the next picture. Our ancestors who were forced long and boring to chew raw meat, roots, hard vegetable fibres, jaws for obvious reasons, was much broader than ours. They really fits 32 teeth: 16 on top and bottom.

However, over time, when humanity switched to thermally processed foods, the need for teeth with a broad chewing surface (the molars) start to disappear. Moreover, the brain increased in size, partly displacing the jaw bone.

As a result of all these processes of the jaw become. And the farthest chewing teeth — the so-called third molars or eight — was unnecessary. And some people of the modern age disappeared altogether. But not all.

Someone rudimentary teeth are trying to erupt, despite the fact that places them in the mouth may not be enough. This usually occurs in 17-25 years, when childhood ends. That is why, in relation to age, third molars are called wisdom teeth.

Does the removal of wisdom teeth

No. In the human body is full of vestiges that we get along well. For example, the coccyx, the Appendix or the muscles that allow you to wiggle your ears. While these traces of the past do not interfere, the doctors prefer not to touch them: damage from surgery can be more than good.

Prorezalsya wisdom teeth can leave Wisdom teeth removal: When is it necessary? alone if they:

  • healthy and do not cause discomfort;
  • fully grown;
  • correctly positioned (vertically: the root at the bottom, a crown at the top), symmetric, and do not put pressure on adjacent teeth;
  • easily accessible for daily cleaning.

Usually what happens if the wisdom teeth have enough space in the jaw.

However, some dentists recommend wisdom teeth Should be removed? remove vestiges in any case, citing the fact that once the third molars can cause problems. But there are arguments to leave. For example, eight sometimes serve as a support for bridges, if destroyed other teeth.

If the wisdom teeth do not hurt and do not cause other trouble to solve the question of their removal should be with the dentist you trust.

However, sometimes the jaw is arranged so that a rudimentary eight it does not fit.

When necessary to remove wisdom teeth

With them should leave in the following cases Wisdom Teeth Removal: What Adults Should Expect .

1. Wisdom teeth are, but can’t erupt

Because of this the third molars are sometimes put pressure on the gums or the jaw bone, causing pain and swelling. In addition, the eights often accumulate bacteria which inflame the gums. It is fraught with loss of the other teeth.

2. Wisdom teeth cut, but not enough

To the rear of the jaws generally difficult to reach with a toothbrush. And if growing there teeth are only slightly rise above the gums, clean them thoroughly is almost impossible. In the result third molars become a hotbed of development of caries. With all its attendant problems, from severe pain to earn the risk of blood poisoning.

3. Wisdom teeth grow at an angle

Normal healthy teeth are growing vertically: root down, crown up. Eight, because of lack of space, often swirling in the gums, lying horizontally, and even upside down. Because of this, they put pressure on adjacent teeth, including the inside, in the gum, causing pain and destruction.

In addition, in an effort to liberate a place, the third molars push other teeth. This can cause malocclusion in all the dentition.

Когда и зачем надо удалять зубы мудрости

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4. Wisdom teeth simply do not fit in the jaw

This can cause destruction not only to other teeth but also the jaw bone. Excessive pressure on soft and bone tissue and inflammation often lead to other, at first glance, not associated with dental problems diseases of the jaw joints and chewing muscles, sinusitis, neurological disorders.

How to remove wisdom teeth

It is the task of the surgeon-dentist. If you have pain and discomfort in the back part of the jaw and the specialist finds out if the fault is eight. You may have to treat very different teeth. Next, the doctor will assess the condition and location of third molars.

If there are complex pathologies, removal only takes a few minutes and require only local anesthesia. In more serious cases may require surgery under sedation (causing half-dream state) drugs.

Recovery after removal of wisdom teeth takes five days to two weeks. In this period, the dentist may prescribe you anti-inflammatory, pain medication and vitamins.

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