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120 000 posts were to be filled in Québec in the third quarter, almost double that of two years ago.
They are always more numerous and remain difficult to fill. Vacancies include in a dynamic, shortage of labour, over-qualification and mismatch to the needs expressed.
Hélène Bégin, senior economist at Desjardins group, has released on Wednesday a small study of five pages with a look of sectoral and regional on the phenomenon of shortage of manpower. A phenomenon that affects canada as a whole, but that is more accented in Quebec, where the pool of potential workers as measured by the population aged 15 to 64 years of age has continued to grow due to the aging of the population. “The number of vacancies has soared, and some areas even display the fastest growth among all regions of Canada “, adds the economist to illustrate the contrast in quebec. In fact, Statistics Canada indicates that seven of the ten economic regions posting growth rates of vacant positions and the highest are found in Quebec.
Statistics Canada also said in January. The increase affects all the provinces, ” for the first time since the beginning of the series in 2015 “, with the most pronounced measured in Quebec, with a gain of 35.5 % to 118 520 vacancies on 551 000 that there are at the canadian level. For its part, the job vacancy rate, which is measured by the sum of all the positions occupied and vacant, jumped 0.7 percentage point to 3.2 % from one year to the other to view one of the strongest growth in Canada. A reality that extends to all fields of expertise, but who wants to be concentrated in the areas of health care and social assistance, accommodation services and catering and manufacturing.
120 000 posts
Hélène Bégin also notes that nearly 120,000 positions were to be filled in Québec in the third quarter, almost double that of two years ago. Of course, the long economic growth has produced its effect in stimulating the labour market, and lowering the number of unemployed. A great result : the unemployment rate quebec fell to 5.5% last year, to its lowest level since the early 1960s, under the 5.6 % recorded in Ontario. “This is a first since the beginning of the annual statistics in 1946,” she wrote.
End of the celebration. Beyond this comparison, Ontario still has an age structure favorable, so that Québec must deal with a demographic crisis and migration balance and a negative. Remain over-qualification and mismatch to the needs expressed. Statistics Canada noted that the minimum level of education desired for 63.3% of all vacant positions was a high school diploma or less, while 12 % required a bachelor’s degree or more. In addition, almost half of all job vacancies require at least one year of experience. “This type of profile is accompanied often of relatively low wages and little advancement opportunities,” underlines Hélène Bégin.
Among the other variables, it has already been written, that, struggling with the nagging problem of illiteracy, Québec is facing a deficit of literacy that generates a issue of employability. The effect of this deficit is exacerbated in a manufacturing sector sensitive to the repercussions of the outsourcing, automation and artificial intelligence. The manufacturing sector is home, moreover, the need for manpower, felt most (18 of 105), followed by accommodation and food services (13 580), retail trade (13 430) and health care (13 240).
Add to the equation a deficiency of almost chronic in the gains of productivity in the quebec economy. Responding to automation, robotization and artificial intelligence will cause them a lot of unemployed people and technology will exacerbate the nagging problem of employability, has already concluded a study of the Quebec Institute.
Remains the geographic dimension, which adds an element of disparity. “The working-age population is declining in most regions of Quebec, and more in those which are more remote from main urban centres,” says Hélène Bégin. According to the rate of vacancies, the labor market is more tight for the Chaudière-Appalaches, Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Capitale-Nationale and Montérégie regions.
In contrast, in regions such as the Outaouais and the greater montréal area have the demographic trends are positive, with an influx of young households are installing for their studies, or to begin their career professional. “Many come from other regions of Quebec or elsewhere in Canada, primarily Ontario. “Getting a transplant is a concentration of the arrival of international immigrants.