Photo: Jacques Nadeau Le Devoir
The end of the operating oil is not for tomorrow, ” warns the canadian minister of the Environment, Catherine McKenna.
Even if the student movement that will make the strike of the climate on Friday calling for an end to the exploitation of fossil fuels, the canadian minister of the Environment, Catherine McKenna, reiterated that the country is rather in the phase of ” transition “. The canadian oil industry provides when it is made of strong output growth over the next few years.
On a visit to Montreal on Thursday to discuss the climate of the federal company of the adviser to his government, Steven Guilbeault, the minister McKenna reiterated its support for the young people who take part in the strike of the climate on Friday. They will be more than 136 000 only in Quebec.
Like other student movements elsewhere in the world, the collective in quebec, “The planet is invited to the university” calls for the end of the projects of exploitation of fossil fuels. They rely in particular on the conclusions of the latest report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC), which called for a fast exit of energy from fossil fuels.
In this context, is that Canada should consider putting an end to the extraction of its oil resources, the third largest in the world ? “We are in a transition and transitions do not happen overnight,” replied the minister McKenna.
“We must go a step forward. I know that some of you would like it to stop things immediately. But it is necessary to work with people, while being more ambitious, ” she also argued. “We’re going to tackle climate change,” said McKenna, ” but people need jobs “.
The minister responsible for the file climate the federal government has also pointed to the efforts of the Alberta. “I have to say that in Alberta, they work very hard. The government of Rachel Notley has imposed a ceiling on the emissions of the oil sands, they have put a price on pollution, and they eliminate the coal. They have also put in place measures to reduce emissions of methane. “
According to the official data on the emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Canada, Alberta is by far the province that emits the most GHG in the country, with emissions of 262 million tonnes (Mt) in 2016. This figure represents 3.5 times the total emissions of the province of Quebec at the same date.
Production on the rise
The oil and gas sector is the first sector GHG emitter in Canada, with a total of 183 million tonnes in 2016, according to federal data. What’s more, the emissions from this sector have increased 70 % since 1990.
Most of this increase is attributable to the oil sands, an industry whose GHG emissions have jumped by more than 367 % during this period. Alberta, however, has imposed a “ceiling” of emissions to this sector, which is 100 Mt. According to the most recent data available, the sector can therefore further increase its annual emissions of 30 Mt.
In addition, the canadian Association of petroleum producers expects to increase production by 33% by 2035. The daily production of oil must pass to 5.6 million barrels in 2035. Most of this increase will come from oil sands, which should produce daily 4.2 million barrels, or 1.5 billion barrels per year.
Speaking at the forum of a conference bringing together many of the major players of the oil industry, in 2017, prime minister Justin Trudeau had insisted on the economic importance of the oil industry for Canada. “No country would leave in its soil 173 billion barrels of oil without the exploit,” noted the liberal leader.
Steven Guilbeault does not comment on a possible bid
Even if it is now a government advisor to Justin Trudeau in the area of measures to combat climate change, the former senior director of Équiterre, Steven Guilbeault, refuses to confirm the rumours that he is a liberal candidate for the next elections, scheduled in October. “I didn’t say yes to anyone “,-he said on Tuesday, while repeating that it has often been called on by different parties, to make the jump into the political arena. Without closing the door to a possible candidacy, Mr. Guilbeault said to want to concentrate for the moment on his work as the advisor to the Trudeau government. The committee he co-chairs shall file its report in the spring. There will be particularly the question of the electrification of transport.