Photo: Christopher Katsarov The canadian Press
Efforts to improve the rights of workers in Mexico were a key priority for Canada and the United States in the renegotiation tumultuous NAFTA.
The mexican Congress will be called for the adoption of an important draft law on the reform of the work this spring, which will be an essential step for the ratification of the new free trade agreement north american.
But unless the government Trump does not eliminate tariffs punitive damages it has imposed on imports of mexican steel and aluminum — rates, he also imposed at the Canada — Mexico is ready to maintain the status quo with the Agreement of free trade in north america concluded 25 years ago.
Efforts to improve the rights of workers in Mexico were a key priority for Canada and the United States in the renegotiation tumultuous NAFTA, because they wanted to standardize the rules of the game between their workers and the mexican workers to be paid less, in particular in the automotive sector.
When Mexico and the United States concluded their bilateral agreement surprise last August, putting pressure on the Trudeau government to arrive at an agreement with the administration Trump, the minister of foreign Affairs, asked by chrystia Freeland, has congratulated Mexico for its concessions on the work.
But a high-responsible for trade in the new government of reformist socialist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has suggested that it was not a sacrifice, major, because improving the status of workers in the country was a key element of the platform that brought the party Morena in power.
During his electoral campaign, Mr. Lopez Obrador has clearly indicated that it wished to strengthen the rights of workers and trade unions, which dovetailed perfectly with the negotiating position of Canada, ” said Luz Maria de la Mora, minister, mexican deputy-Trade, in an interview.
She indicated that the new government wanted a package of reforms to the labour ratified by the mexican Congress before its adjournment of the April 30, “so that we can reflect on the commitments we have made,” under the new Agreement U.s.-Canada-Mexico (ACEUM).
This means that the ACEUM will be sent to the mexican Congress for ratification, after the resumption of activities in September 1st, said the high chief.
But this will only happen if the United States raise their rates — under article 232 — on the exports of steel and aluminum, she said.
The president of the United States, Donald Trump, has imposed tariffs of 25 percent steel and 10 percent on aluminium coming from Mexico and Canada, citing the controversial article on national security in the law us commercial.
On 30 November, the prime minister Justin Trudeau, Mr. Trump, and former mexican president Enrique Pena Nieto, who was at his last day in power, have signed the new trade agreement. It must now be ratified by the legislatures of the three countries.
Last Thursday, Mr. Trudeau has discussed with the president Trump and “raised the issue rates of steel and aluminum and has expressed the need to remove them,” said the prime minister’s office.
Canada has said clearly that the rates were ” unlawful and unjustified “, said Adam Austen, a spokesman for the minister Freeland.
“Now that we have concluded our negotiations on the NAFTA with the United States, we believe that this is one more reason for the us administration to raise these rates,” added Mr. Austen, who has not taken a decision as to whether this issue could delay the ratification.
If the tariffs are not eliminated, Mexico would not feel bound by the current version of NAFTA, which remains in force, said Luz Maria de la Mora.
“We hope that we have put in place a new agreement. But in the absence of a new agreement, we know that the NAFTA is enough, ” she said.