A total of 2.4 million hectares (approximately the size of Britain) is spent, particularly in south America, south east Asia or Africa, the needs of the only French consumers.
Leather, cocoa, or biofuel… 350 m2 of forest per French are required, essentially outside Europe, to meet the annual needs of consumption in france, has calculated the NGO Flight Green with the WWF called to “consume better” to fight against deforestation.
A total of 2.4 million hectares (approximately the size of Britain) is spent, particularly in south America, south east Asia or Africa, the needs of the only French consumers (excluding public orders or orders of the companies to for re-export), according to the association.
The WWF is interested in the footprint of seven raw materials imported by France, this time all uses included: pulp and paper, timber, soy, beef and leather, cocoa, palm oil, rubber. Result: 14.8 million ha of areas used, of which one-third (5.1 million ha) at risk of deforestation.
While Paris is preparing its strategy to combat the deforestation imported, expected around mid-November, the two NGOS call to consume and produce differently, giving preference to the certified products and modes of production that are less harmful.
Overall, about 13 million ha of wood in the rough disappear each year in the world, affecting populations, species, climate,… A pace that, according to the FAO, tended to stabilize, but when deforestation sometimes mark the not (the brazilian Amazon, Indonesia), it wins in other regions (Mekong, Bolivia, Paraguay…).
Haro on the soy
The origin of almost 80% of this phenomenon: commercial agriculture. According to the calculations of Off green, based on the average consumption of the main products of material at risk, the”footprint” forest of the French is first due to the imports of soya (which feeds our poultry, pigs, dairy cows).
Then come, in order of impact decreasing, the leather, the palm oil included in the fuel -diesel or petrol – the paper, the coffee, the rubber (for the tyres, mostly), cocoa, timber, palm oil for food.
What, therefore, review a few ideas: the paper, with its european production and the importance of recycling, is less of a risk. In recent years, palm oil to the diet also decreased, under the pressure of consumers, when the fuel exploded, on public decision-making.
Lift the foot on the animal protein
The defenders of the forest are calling to lift the foot on the animal protein. “Not only on red meat, so,” notes Boris Patentreger, co-founder of Skies green, which is also called the professionals (animal feed, leather, etc.) to review, or even relocate their supplies.
Some companies have already adopted a moratorium on soy amazon. “The problem is that they are then fairways is provide elsewhere, such as in the savannahs of the Cerrado” (Brazil), notes Arnaud Gauffier, co-author of the WWF report.
Often the alternatives are very limited by public policy, complain to the NGOS: biofuels imposed by the directive on Renewable Energy, agreements blocking the increase of soybean crops in Europe, absence of display on the feed…
Label “zero deforestation”
“The policy has a huge role”, insists Arnaud Gauffier, who adds that France does “neither worse nor better than other countries”. “The Strategy against deforestation imported would be a first step that few countries have so far taken, provided that it is accompanied by concrete action plans and funded”, he adds.
This could be a label of a “zero deforestation”, which would guarantee to the consumer that the chicken raised in France he is purchasing has not contributed to clear and eliminate the jaguars, citing the WWF, for which France also has “a leadership role to take on the cocoa,” of which it imports 10% of the world production.
► In the meantime, each one can go to measure their own footprint forest through the quiz set up in 2013 by Off the green.