Unfavorable ecological situation affects many aspects of health and can lead to various problems: from asthma to premature birth.
Researchers from the University of Utah found that women living in the district most densely populated region of Utah, had a higher risk (16 %) miscarriages after short-term exposure to elevated levels of contaminated air, according to Science Daily.
In the study, a team of scientists calculated the likelihood of miscarriage within three to seven days after sharp increases concentrations of three common air pollutants: ultrafine particles (PM 2.5), nitrogen dioxide and ozone. The study did not include women living outside of Utah.
The group found a small increased risk of miscarriage in women exposed to elevated levels of nitrogen dioxide (16 % increase in 10 ppb for seven days). Despite the fact that ultrafine particles do tracked with nitrogen dioxide, these results are not associated largely with increased risk of miscarriage.
The group conducted a cross-sectional study in which were evaluated the likelihood of miscarriage several times a month when the effects of air pollution has decreased.
This approach excluded from the study other risk factors such as maternal age. It should be noted that scientists have not been able to establish the age of the fetus at the time of miscarriage and accurately determine the critical period when the fetus may be most vulnerable to pollutants.
According to scientists, in the prevention women can use the N95 mask to filter pollutants or to avoid physical activity in areas with poor air quality.
Women can also use filters to reduce the level of air pollution indoors.
Remember, pregnant women who live in cities c polluted air, often give birth to children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
As reported by the portal “Znayu” American engineers have invented filters that are inserted into nose and protect the body from polluted air.
Also “Znayu” wrote that researchers have identified a gene that may be associated with the development of schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders.
Dave Zakarian has been a reporter on the news desk since 2013. Before that she wrote about young adolescence and family dynamics for Styles and was the legal affairs correspondent for the Metro desk. Before joining The Koz Post, Dave Zakarian worked as a staff writer at the Village Voice and a freelancer for Newsday, The Wall Street Journal, GQ and Mirabella.