Before Columbus: what you eat, what to trade and how they lived ancient Indians, dispelling stereotypes

До Колумба: что ели, чем торговали и как жили древние индейцы, развенчиваем стереотипы

Submission on the aboriginal inhabitants of America are quite stereotyped. And the real life of the ancient Indians is distorted stories and fantasies of the colonizers.

We will tell you about the facts that debunk false stereotypes about native people of America.

До Колумба: что ели, чем торговали и как жили древние индейцы, развенчиваем стереотипы

Farmers in the South and hunters in the North

Many crops came into Europe from the current Latin America.

This corn, potatoes, tomatoes, pumpkin and some other vegetables. But agriculture was practiced not only by the inhabitants of South and Central America, and the Indians of the Great Lakes.

Ate mostly wild-growing rice, gathering it on the lake shores and swamps. And rice grew so much that he was able to exchange for something useful.

But to Europeans the main meal, for example, people in present-day Peru was not potatoes and corn, and beans. Bean was considered so important that the patterns of beans painted the faces of the most revered of the gods.

До Колумба: что ели, чем торговали и как жили древние индейцы, развенчиваем стереотипы

The Indians were growing pumpkins and sunflowers. Sunflower oil was highly valued by the tribes of North America as a remedy for hair styling. And in California very important product was the acorn. Of them produces flour, which is mixed with flour from cereals to bread.

Also, the Indians arranged a complex system of terraced fields and orchards on the slopes or vileplume from the muddy dirt of artificial Islands among the lakes that was where to plant vegetables.

До Колумба: что ели, чем торговали и как жили древние индейцы, развенчиваем стереотипы

The Indians knew statehood only three people

When people talk about pre-Columbian state in America, remember the three empires: the Aztecs, Maya and Inca. But in fact, in addition to these countries, in America there was still a lot of States, a smaller size. Some of them were eventually conquered by more powerful neighbors, others have been years or centuries to assert their independence.

The state has created: the Toltecs, the urine or the people who are called Anasazi — he created the rich city-state, in which stood a multistory building from which to vassal villages, there was a broad straight roads.

Representatives of culture, which would later be renamed Mesa Verde, built in the rocks of the giant Palace in all its five thousand tribe. Built mountain home native American cultures, the Hohokam, and mogollón.

До Колумба: что ели, чем торговали и как жили древние индейцы, развенчиваем стереотипы

In an Indian tribe, everybody was respected until the Europeans didn’t know alcoholism and drug addiction

If we talk about vices, most Indian tribes have upotrebljeni drugs. However, only on holidays, or only during ceremonies related to birth, death or initiation. Also more free was drug use for members of the clergy (shamans and priests) — they needed time to contact the spirits or gods to answer the relevant questions.

Thanks to the prevalence of drugs, the Incas were the most humane sacrifice.

До Колумба: что ели, чем торговали и как жили древние индейцы, развенчиваем стереотипы

All settlements and States that know agriculture, know how to cook alcoholic beverages of different strength, from weak to strong home brew beer from corn. Alcoholic beverages prepared not only from herbs and berries, even cocoa beans!

The nomadic Indians slaves were usually captured children and women and only chance to escape from slavery was for someone to look so you took a wife, husbands or sons.

До Колумба: что ели, чем торговали и как жили древние индейцы, развенчиваем стереотипы

The Indians treated all diseases with magic

Magical rituals were an important part of Indian medicine at the same time, they hoped and herbal treatment, surgery and even antibiotics when we think about the state of the Incas.

And the fact that the Incas knew the penicillin and gave them the opportunity to raise surgery to the heights, found them inaccessible to Europeans. In addition, the Aztecs had used painkillers during childbirth.

We will remind, the mysteries of the ancient Mayan civilization, which opened recently.

Previously portal “Know.news Agency” reported that when the first Europeans saw the Ainu, was incredibly shocked.

The portal also “Know.Eeyore” wrote looked like real Indians.

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