Thursday, November 29, marks 240 years since the birth of Grigory Kvitka-Osnov, Yanenko – the classic of Ukrainian literature, public figure.
On this day in 1778 in the village of Osnova (now the territory of Kharkiv) was born Grigory Kvitka-Osnov Yanenka. Thanks Kvitka-Osnovianenko Ukrainian nation received a full literary prose that created the Foundation for the classic of Ukrainian literature, which subsequently grew into the works of Taras Shevchenko, Ivan Nechui-Levytsky, Marco Vovchok, Panas Mirny, Lesia Ukrainka, Ivan Franko, Mykhaylo Kotsyubynsky.
We will tell you the most interesting facts about the writer that everyone should know Ukrainian.
Baby due to disease lost his sight. Neither doctors, nor healers could not do in 6 years suddenly saw the light. Mother took him on a pilgrimage to the miraculous icon of the Mother of God Ozeryansky, 30 km from Kharkiv. In the temple the guy suddenly asked, “Mommy, what’s that?” “Did you see it?” – his mother was surprised. “So, I was razbegalis,” said the boy.
Interestingly, at 27 he became a novice Star-Kharkiv Preobrazhensky monastery is 8 km away from Kharkiv and was going to be tonsured a monk eight years before, but then the father had not given permission. Obedience did not prevent his habits: in the cell stood a piano, on which Kvitka wrote religious music. But a monk, he never became.
If the “Aeneid” Kotlyarevskogo showed that the Ukrainian language is ideal for writing literary works, Grigory Kvitka was the first to create a full genre of epic prose, making the world counted it 300 years ago to translate his novels, vaudeville, and historical stories about Ukraine on tens languages of the world.
The first work of the writer in prose was his well-known novel “Marusya”. It is noteworthy that the basis for writing the work was the discussion about the artistic potential of the Ukrainian language. And this argument the writer just won.
He is the author of the first serious literary works written in the Ukrainian literary language. Their creativity of Kvitka-Osnovyanenko silenced even the last skeptics among the intelligentsia of the Russian Empire, who considered this Ukrainian “national” language unsuitable for large-scale literary works, with the exception that the comic works.
The highest achievements of Kvitka-Osnov, Yanenko considered Comedy “coming from the capital, or the Turmoil in the provincial town”, which according to the plot and characters was preceded by the appearance of “the Auditor” Gogol, social Comedy “Matchmaking in Honcharivka” and “Shelmenko-denschik” and the immortal “Konotop witch”.
His works were among the first presented Ukrainian literature not only in the former Russian Empire, but also in Europe.
As a public figure, Kvitka-Osnov, Yanenko participated in the preparation and opening of Kharkiv University, was appointed Director of the Kharkiv theater and participated in almost all important educational and cultural undertakings, in particular, was the initiator of the publication of the journal “Ukrainian Herald,” almanacs “Morning star” and “new Moon”, the first collection of Ukrainian poslovica ate and sayings.
Recall that among the famous authors Ukrainians choose in the first place Lina Kostenko and Sergey Zhadan. All participants were asked the same question: “who is the most popular in Ukraine”.
As reported by the portal “Know.ia”, the story of Nikolai Gogol’s “Taras Bulba” the vast majority of us know from school. Meanwhile, around this story is still a lot of secrets and mysteries that you can look for answers. Let’s try to do it.
Also “Know.Eeyore” wrote Ostap cherry started humoristicno type of skit – “smile” or “repasar”.
Dave Zakarian has been a reporter on the news desk since 2013. Before that she wrote about young adolescence and family dynamics for Styles and was the legal affairs correspondent for the Metro desk. Before joining The Koz Post, Dave Zakarian worked as a staff writer at the Village Voice and a freelancer for Newsday, The Wall Street Journal, GQ and Mirabella.