Photo: Michael Monnier Archives The Duty
The study reveals that nearly one-fifth of the adolescents of the planet are either overweight or obese, a jump of 120% compared to 1990.
There are more teenagers than ever before on the planet, and their health is evolving, is experiencing a gigantic study the findings of which are published by the medical journal The Lancet.
The study looked at 12 markers of the health of some 1.8 billion adolescents in the world in 195 countries, including tobacco use, obesity, education, marriage of children, nutrition and non-communicable diseases.
“There is a big change, epidemiological at a global level, a summary Mathieu Belanger, research director of the Centre de formation médicale du Nouveau-Brunswick. There is a displacement of the state of health of our young people […] who passes a state’s rather precarious to diseases that are more associated with rich environments, but this is not necessarily better. “
In 2016, the non-communicable diseases accounted for 50 % of the burden of diseases among young people aged 10 to 24 years.
“There is a greater burden of chronic diseases that are more difficult to manage over time. There are more and more people who are exposed to lifestyles that lead to overweight and obesity, ” said Mr. Bélanger.
The study thus reveals that nearly one-fifth of the adolescents of the planet were overweight or obese, a jump of 120% compared to 1990. This means that there are now 180 million teenagers who are too fat or obese.
Only one country out of 195, the Congo, escaped to an increase in overweight and obesity on a global scale. There is a significant increase in the problem in almost all other countries.
“This is huge, said Mathieu Bélanger. There is a worry, because (obesity) is associated with an increase in chronic diseases which are very difficult and very costly to manage. The places most marked by the increase in obesity, and which will eventually become more distressed by an increase in the prevalence of chronic diseases, these are the places that were not even in the face of these challenges, and who have less economic means to address them. “
In contrast, the number of young smokers has dropped by about 20 % between 1990 and 2016, approximately 136 million smokers.
This new study sheds important insight on the health of teenagers, a question that often retains less attention to the health of toddlers or seniors.
“We have a very vulnerable population, which is in the development stage is extremely important, what are our teenagers, and they were left behind,” said Mr. Bélanger, who is interested in the health of adolescents for the past ten years. There was little that was done at the level of this population, despite the fact that this is a population for which the development of habits of life is extremely important. The behaviors that you develop over the years-hinges of the teen behaviors are that you will keep later in adulthood. “
Mr. Bélanger has also noticed, over the years of his work, that it is very difficult to change the habits of life of our teenagers.
“There has been very little success in changing factors related to obesity and the possible development of diabetes, heart disease and cancer,” he confided.
– The number of teenagers who admit that they participate in binge drinking has increased slightly between 1990 and 2016.
– In 2010, a little more than half of the 620 million young people between the ages of 20 to 24 years, the planet had completed their secondary education.
– In 2016, the adolescent girls aged 15 to 19 years have had 11.7 million babies alive, a decline of 25 percent compared to 1990.
– The number of girls aged 15 to 24 years who have requested a way to modern contraception and who have not obtained satisfaction has jumped by 33 percent between 1990 and 2016, to just over 73 million.